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Understanding the Passover Bible Lesson

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In A Nutshell

Teach the story of Moses and the Israelites Exodus of Egypt and how the Passover foretold of how Jesus' blood would be shed so that God's judgment will pass over us. Children have their own Passover meal as the story is related.

Understanding the Passover Bible Lesson
Understanding the Passover Bible Lesson

Ages

Preschool, Elementary

Scripture

This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover. Exodus 12:11

What You Will Need

  • Plagues Worksheet
  • Crayons or colored pencils
  • Unleavened bread such as flat bread. Purchase or make your own from scratch. There are several recipes on the internet.
  • Bitter herbs such as Romaine lettuce.
  • Grape juice, pitcher and cups
  • Other items such as grapes, honey, dates, almonds, cheese, lamb
  • Basket to hold food items
  • Blanket for the floor
  • Wooden sticks for staffs

To make a travois:

  • Two straight poles or limbs at least 4’ long
  • Two sticks or poles 2-3’ long
  • 6 pieces of rope (clothesline rope works well)

Preparation

To make a travois:

  • Make a “V” with your two long poles. Tie together the two ends that cross. (A)
  • Tie cross beams (B & C) about 1-1-1/2’ apart.
  • To carry goods, wrap them in a blanket. Place the blanket on the cross beams and secure with the rope.
  • The person pulling will step inside the small end of the V and lift the travoise to approximately waist high. They will walk dragging the back ends of the poles.

Bible Lesson

The Israelite people had been slaves to the Egyptians for 400 years. God sent Moses to free the Hebrew people. Moses went before the Egyptian Pharaoh (the king) and told him to let the Hebrew people go. The Pharaoh said, “No.” So Moses said that if he didn’t let them go that God would punish them. The Pharaoh still said, “No,” so God sent plagues to torment the Egyptians.

Using the Plagues Handout.
First, God turned the Nile River to blood. (In the first block, draw a red river). Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

God sent frogs to cover the land. (Draw frogs in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

God sent gnats to cover the men and animals (Draw gnats in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

God sent a swarm of flies (Draw flies in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

God sent a plague that killed livestock. (Draw animals with sores in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

Boils (Draw people with sores in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

Thunder and Hail (Draw clouds and hail in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

Locusts (Draw locusts in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

Darkness will cover Egypt for 3 days (Draw darkness in the next block)
Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” And the Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “No!”

Firstborn shall die (Draw tombstone in the last block)
This plague was death to the firstborn in Egypt of all the people and the animals. What about the Israelites? Did their firstborns die? No, to protect their families, the Israelites were told to kill an unblemished lamb and paint the blood above their doors. They were told to eat a meal of specific things. (Place your blanket on the floor and start pulling out items from your basket to eat as you explain each item. One of the things they ate was unleavened bread. What is unleavened bread? (Bread without yeast. The Israelites ate this type of bread that night because they didn’t have time to wait for the yeast to rise. Take the bread and break some off for each child). They also ate bitter herbs such as Romaine lettuce. What do you think they had to drink? Most likely water, goat’s milk or wine. (Pass around grape juice). Some of the other items they may have had were grapes, honey, dates, almonds, cheese, and lamb. In Exodus 12:11, it says, “This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover.”

When the angel of the Lord came to Egypt, it saw the lamb’s blood and knew to pass over their doors. All other firstborns in Egypt died that night including the son of Pharaoh. This time when Moses said, “Let God’s people go.” The Pharaoh said ____ (have children shout out “Yes!” )

What do you think happened next? Do you think the Israelites waited around a few weeks before they left Egypt? (No, they left immediately). They grabbed all their possessions, (place all food items back in the basket, wrap up the blanket and put it on the travois. Take up your staff and begin leading your children on a “journey”. If the weather is nice, you can go outside and make several trips around the church. Stop at some point for another meal and to complete the lesson.)

What happened at Passover was a foretelling of something that would happen later. Jesus is called the spotless Lamb of God. What does it mean here when we say spotless? Does it mean Jesus didn’t have any spots? No, it means he was pure and without sin. In the passover, they used the blood of a spotless lamb to save the Israelites. When Jesus died on the cross, he is the spotless lamb whose blood would cover the sins of all who believe in him, so that God’s judgment will pass over them. Ever since that night in Egypt, Jews have celebrated the Passover in remembrance of God’s grace to them.

Prayer

Dear Lord,
Thank you for sending your Son, Jesus as the Lamb of God to die for our sins. By shedding His blood He has given us salvation so that one day we will join you in Heaven.
Amen

Extras:

You can tie this lesson into the 4th of July where our nation gained its freedom.

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